BackBeginners-Infos

Basic information for beginners. Which seeds should you start with, which technique is needed, how to proceed?

Beginners-Infos
Indica vs. Sativa: differences and effects of cannabis
These two cannabis strains: Sativa and Indica are used for both medical treatments and recreational use. What are the differences between the two and what are the effects of cannabis in general? Find out everything you need to know.
Despite the popular benefits of both indica and sativa cannabis, many people still confuse their properties, goals, and dosages. Let's find out together the reasons for the increasing use of these cannabis strains and the main distinguishing features between them. 
Finally, we will look at the desirable effects of cannabis, the effects on our bodies and some precautions. 
 
The differences between Sativa vs. Indica
In order to understand the differences to keep in mind between these two varieties of cannabis flowers, we will divide this section into five different sections:
 
The appearance and size
Easily you can recognize a sativa plant by its size, which is far above that of indica. Sativa can reach a length of 6 feet in some cases. The indica variety can reach 90 cm only in very special cases. Another aesthetic difference lies in the tips of these plants. The sativa has long and thin buds. In contrast, Indicas form dense clusters of flowers that are closer to the plant's nodes.
 
Flowering and production yield
Flowering time and production results are quite different between these two cannabis strains. The sativa tends to take more time to flower (estimated between 60 and 90 days). The growth is shorter compared to the indica variety. This one is more productive when estimating the total yield at the end of the cultivation. 
 
The origins of the two varieties
While the sativa tends to grow around the equator and thus in countries such as Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and other African countries, the indica tends to grow at higher altitudes and can be found in Nepal, Turkey, Afghanistan or Morocco (under the name hashish).
 
Indica vs. Sativa Origins
The effects of cannabis 
If you think they are the same effects, then after this paragraph we leave you to judge. The marijuana seed will always surprise you. As for the therapeutic effects, the indica has better analgesic, sedative or tranquilizing effects, while the sativa is known for its high THC content compared to CBD. For people looking for more of a recreational effect, the feeling is not the same. Sativa stands out for its boosting and stimulating profile. Indica aims more for relaxation and a calming "chill" effect. Sativa is therefore appreciated at parties, in groups or during activities, while indicas are used for consumption in solo mode, among friends and increasingly - get this - among lovers and couples. 
 
The aromas
The smell of sativa is known to be less strong than that of the indica variety, remaining inconspicuous during germination and until drying. As for the taste, Sativa is characterized by a mixture of fruity flavors. With Indica, it's more of a woody flavor, a woody taste that's easy to distinguish even if you consume the best feminized strains you can find on a website where you can order cannabis seeds.
 
Sativa vs. indica: How do you consume them? 
You can, after growing the indica seeds or certain "sativa seeds", consume them in different forms:
In the classic way, smoking the flowers that you can find in online seed stores. 
  • Add the substances to your diet (cookies, gummy bears, cakes ...etc.). 
  • Vaporize with a vaporizer. 
Vaporizing and smoking quickly leads to an effect compared to the edible way. However, supplements and gourmet goodies are better to avoid unwanted effects of smoking.
Edible products, on the other hand, are not guaranteed to have an effect until a certain point. So it's up to you to choose the right method depending on your situation, patience and environment (party, vacation, festival ...etc.). 
 
Sativa vs. Indica: effects and differences to consider
If you are looking for recreational use, the feeling will be different between the two types. Sativa is preferable during the day or if you're planning a fairly dynamic evening. Indica is more appropriate for a quiet, relaxing evening. Indicas contain more CBD compared to sativas. The chemical components remain numerous in both types and require a separate article on this complex topic. 
Here are some side effects to watch out for so you can lower the dose and possibly seek medical help if needed: 
  • Low blood pressure
  • A faster-than-average heartbeat
  • An increasingly dry mouth
  • dry eyes
  • Occurrence of dizziness
These effects are more associated with THC, as opposed to the CBD molecule. Note that regardless of the strain of your cannabis, side effects are possible and it is your responsibility to monitor them. 
 
Sativa vs. Indica: Practical Tips 
The method of consumption
Prefer methods that are away from your lungs to spare your respiratory system. If you suffer from respiratory problems, allergies, or asthma, we recommend consulting your doctor if you have any concerns or discomfort caused by your first doses of cannabis. 
 
The THC dose 
If you're a beginner looking for cannabis seeds, you should pay special attention to the THC content to keep it as low as possible. If you look for products with a lower content, you will avoid psychoactive effects and aim for positive effects instead. We strongly recommend that you choose the CBD content over the THC content. If you're just starting your adventure, you should use cookies, gum, or something similar that you enjoy and make you feel safe and in control. 
 
If the subject interests you, don't hesitate to consult your family doctor, who can advise and inform you about the dangers, benefits and properties of each type of cannabis: Indica or Sativa?
 
Tropicanna Cookies: characteristics, genetics and origins
Tropicanna Cookies: characteristics, genetics and origins
Tropicanna Cookies is a plant that was originally bred by Oni Seeds, an American seed bank, but unfortunately is no longer available. Therefore, Linda Seeds has developed its own line with a US Tropicanna Cookies Cut, which is in no way inferior to the "original". Tropicanna Cookies comes from a cross between Tangie and Girl Scout Cookies. She is a hybrid plant with a slight sativa dominance, and adapts well to all types of growing environments, as she can be grown both outdoors and indoors. Tropicana Cookies also has the advantage of being able to be grown both hydroponically and in soil, so the possibilities are multiplied.
 
Effect and taste of Tropicanna Cookies
There are several aspects that make this plant very attractive to those who like aromatic, terpene-rich varieties with a fresher note. First of all, the characteristic sour taste and the aroma so typical of this variety, with strong citrus notes, are two main features of Tropicanna Cookies. The " Tangie influence " is also noticeable in the mouth and nose, although to a lesser extent. The plant is also rich in creamy nuances, and Girl Scout Cookies has its share in this, giving it a wide range of intense aromas that are noticeable both olfactorily and in taste. For this very reason, Tropicanna Cookies is a good choice for consumers who are looking for a creamy, biscuit-like flavor note with strong citrus notes. As for the effect, you have to be honest and admit that Tropicanna Cookies offers one of the strongest effects you can experience. The euphoria it induces is balanced throughout and provides a long-lasting sense of well-being that will help you leave your everyday life behind and allow you to focus entirely on the here and now. The fact that Tropicanna Cookies contains almost equal parts sativa and indica makes this strain one of the top plants with a pleasant "happy-stoned" effect that is very strong but not completely knock-off.
 
Growing Tropicanna Cookies indoors and outdoors
As described at the outset, Tropicanna Cookies can be grown both indoors and outdoors. It is a very versatile plant that grows very well with little maintenance, so it does not require exceptional care to produce good results. Growers love Tropicanna Cookies because it grows so high yielding and 500g per m2 indoors or 500g per plant outdoors is the bare minimum it achieves. With more care and a little more expert knowledge, 600g or more per m2 can be achieved. When grown in the garden or outdoors, Tropicanna Cookies is ready for harvest in the northern hemisphere around mid-October. For European growers north of the Alps it will be difficult to finish flowering this strain, depending on the region. In a protected environment, however, this should also be possible. With the beginning of the ripening process, the leaves develop a characteristic dark green to purple color, which is particularly strong and representative of the overall condition of the plant. Large branches are formed, which support the formation of buds. Tropicanna Cookies is a plant that is suitable for cultivation by experts in cannabis cultivation, as well as for beginners who have never come into contact with this variety. Usually, it is advisable to use methods such as SOG or SCROG, which in most cases provide the best results. A key feature of Tropicanna Cookies is that it can then easily produce up to 600 grams of buds. This amount of buds is one reason why its fruity aroma is so striking. The grow tent is simply packed with fat buds!
 
Tropicanna Cookies Outdoor
 
Growing Tropicanna Cookies indoors
What can succeed outdoors if you live in the right region, will always succeed indoors with Tropicanna Cookies! Grown indoors or in a grow tent, this strain grows vigorously and has an above average stretch. You should therefore start her flowering at already 20 cm, so that the plants are 80-100 cm tall by the end. This recommendation is for a 600-1000W HPS or equivalent 400-600W LED lamps per m2. You will get a harvest of 1g per watt in any case, depending on skill and equipment even much more. Another important point is that when grown indoors, the plant will develop many lateral branches that should be removed, depending on the setting and growing technique, or alternatively, fewer plants per m2 can be placed. Tropicanna Cookies is mature after a good 8 weeks, to get a more intense terpene production and to let the tropical-zirus-heavy notes mature, the strain can also be left for a few days longer - according to your own taste.  By the end of the flowering period, Tropicanna Cookies has developed beautiful, often purple, extremely resinous buds that have a "popcorn" structure on some plants.
 
Tropicanna Cookies Indoor
 
Terpene structure and aroma of Tropicanna Cookies Weed
The intense terpenes that give Tropicanna Cookies a strong citrus note also carry over to the flavor when vaporized or smoked. Almost all the characteristics of the complex aroma are preserved, characterizing the strong and fruity nature of this weed. Through complex and exceptionally strong citrus undertones with a subtle sour note from the Tangie and the slightly creamy sweet impact of the Cookies, Tropicana Cookies is often considered a very "orange" strain, going back to classics like Orange Bud. Through the parent "Tangie, are certainly still traces of this classic contained, but nothing more. Tropicanna Cookies forms a new, more complex and delicious flavor profile by crossing its parent plants. This in combination with colorful, resinous "popcorn buds", making Tropicanna Cookies an exceptional and in every way special plant that no grower should miss in his grow tent!

 

PK 13/14: Curse and blessing too equal!

If you want to grow cannabis, today you will find a variety of specialized fertilizers that are adapted to marijuana plants. In addition to these basic fertilizers, which contain the key ingredients for healthy plant growth and abundant flowering, there are plenty more products designed to enhance and promote the growth of cannabis plants. Starting with root stimulators, which promise a faster rooting of young plants into the medium, vitamins and hormones, there are flower stimulators that have a positive influence on the development of flowering. There are now many of these products in different composition and concentration. The classic among them is PK 13/14 (phosphorus / potassium), known for many years and used by many cannabis breeders. %%weiterlesen%%PK 13/14 has an undeniable effect and, if used correctly, can provide significant increases in yield. This is the blessing given by PK 13/14! On the other hand, PK13 / 14 can do exactly the opposite. Excessive addition of PK 13/14 inhibits flowering and prevents further plant growth. It is particularly tricky that different cannabis strains react very differently to the addition of PK 13/14. While some varieties graciously put away a possible overdose of the additive, it comes with other varieties first halted flowering. Unfortunately, this lost time can no longer be made up, as the flowering cycle does not lengthen when it stops, but the plant simply has fewer flowers at the end. %%umbruch%%This can be a loss of 20%, without really knowing why it was, because the plants actually look lush green, have great flowers and have no burns of over-fertilization. Another phenomenon of excessive PK 13/14 addition is gray mold in the flowers. Giving PK 13/14 over too long a period of time (even if it is relatively low) increases the likelihood of mold forming in the flowers at the end of the flowering phase, given otherwise good climatic conditions in the room. Use PK 13/14 with great caution. Do not take more than 1/3 of the manufacturer's recommended dose and do not give it more than five to a maximum of seven days. On hydro or coconut cultures, keep the EC value of the effluent in the eye, if possible. If he starts to overly increase, end the addition of PK 13/14. While giving PK 13/14, it is best to reduce the amount of fertilizer so that the EC value stays at the same level. Also important is the time of addition of PK 13/14. Pay attention to the development of your plants. The flowers should already be strong and have covered the shoot tips, but not yet be too compact. This stage is usually reached after the fourth to fifth week of flowering. If you begin a modest addition of PK 13/14 at this stage, this addition can work wonders!

Germinate cannabis seeds properly!

The first step to successful cannabis cultivation is the germination of seeds. Germinating cannabis seeds is basically relatively easy. It usually takes one to seven days (depending on the freshness of the seeds and cannabis strain) until the marijuana seed opens and sprouts its first root. A few strains (for example, pure Haze varieties) need more time, but are not suitable for beginners anyway, as they are also much more complicated in the rearing. First of all, it is important to bring the marijuana seeds into a moist and warm environment. The optimum temperature for germination is 24 degrees Celsius. Too high a temperature (over 26 degrees) favors the formation of harmful fungi and destroys the seedling. Therefore, it is also very important to keep the hemp seeds moist, but not too wet. Too low a temperature (below 20 degrees) delays the germination and subsequent growth of the seedling. This in turn carries the risk that the seedling dies.%%weiterlesen%%There are many different ways to germinate cannabis seeds. Many breeders recommend that the seeds are first placed in a glass of water for 24 hours to "soften" the shell to be placed in the plant medium. Other breeders recommend placing cannabis seeds between two wet paper towels until the seed coat opens, then place them in the plant medium. These are certainly well-functioning methods.%%umbruch%%

However, we advise beginners to place the cannabis seeds in the plant medium from the beginning. In this way you avoid drowning or damaging the cannabis seeds when you transfer the already germinated seeds into the plant medium. Optimal for germination of hemp seeds are Jiffy 7 peat or coconut pots, stone wool cubes and potting soil (with few nutrients), which is already in a pot. Soak the medium so that it is wet, then drain. If you choose Jiffy 7 swelling pots, use lukewarm water to swell the platelets. This speeds up the process and ensures that the wells are well saturated. Then insert the hemp seeds about 2-4mm deep into the planting medium. Leave the seed used. Make sure you have the right temperature (room temperature is sufficient) and be patient. Resist the temptation to poke around in the medium after half a day and see if something has already happened. You can use it to damage the hemp seed or already sprouted seedling. After only a few days, sometimes even a few hours, the first heads stretch out of the medium. Then the first step is done!